Plan to transition the family business
Family business owners contact us for assistance as the future approaches and it is time to consider exactly how they will transfer their precious business into the hands and control of the next generation. As closely held family businesses expand over time, the needs of the families relying on these businesses are expanding as well. Growth of a business is often viewed in linear metrics — revenue and profitability. However, families can expand exponentially through generations. Such a dynamic creates demands that significantly impact culture, performance, and decision making, punctuating the need for a succession strategy that aligns the family’s intentions, goals, and cash-flow requirements through multiple generations.
Protecting the longevity of a family business is essential to our global and U.S. economies. Family-owned businesses account for roughly 80 percent of all companies world-wide and approximately 78 percent of business entities in our country. According to the 2021 Family Enterprise Business Survey, approximately 40 percent of U.S. business owners actually have a succession plan in place and of those families, only a third believe their plan to be sufficient in terms of documentation and communication. Yet the survey revealed that many founding generation’s children do not understand the fundamentals of the business including long-term goals and intentions. Nor are their financial priorities aligned between first and second generations.
For the business to support multiple generations, three key elements need to be managed throughout the life of the company: growth, cash flow and control. Ample growth will maintain and increase valuation. Sufficient cash flow will enable owners and family members to support lifestyles. Control preserves the owner’s ability to make decisions without the influence of non-family stakeholders or creditors. Environmental changes such as in politics, labor markets, generational behavior, technology, and regulation are occurring at such a rapid pace that simultaneously maintaining growth, liquidity and control may be challenging.
A well-structured succession plan will go a long way in terms of mitigating the risks of swift changes in our economic landscape. The blueprint for a family business’s long-term strategy begins with four pillars:
– Owners: Determine the mission and define success
– Governance: A board of directors directs the business as well as manages the chief executive
– Management: Recommends strategy and operates the company
– Family: Maintains and develops unity and core values for the next generation
Each pillar is tied to the other with family members creating the link. Management and leadership roles will vary and overlap to ensure that a good decision-making process is in place. When a family business experiences issues, most often it stems from a lack of governance and communication.
As the family works through the planning process, the overall mission and purpose of the business should be assessed by the fundamentals: Why does the business exist? How will the company grow to support multiple generations? Are current family members qualified and willing to lead the business? Is the current ownership structure appropriate and how will ownership be passed down to preserve capital and family control?
Often, fiduciary partners are called upon to assist family-owned businesses and family offices in planning for the transition to the next generation. When choosing a partner, the criteria of competency, experience, depth of talent, and continuity are important. Trusted advisors that invest time to learn the family’s history, intentions, goals, and priorities will be vital to ensure a smooth transition of leadership and ownership for years to come.
James McArthur is senior vice president and with the Family Office Services at The Sanibel Captiva Trust Company.